Tips for a Successful SIJS Application: Guide for Immigrant Children

Sijs Application

Special Immigrant Juvenile Status (SIJS) is a critical legal provision designed to protect vulnerable immigrant children in the United States. Established by Congress in the Immigration Act of 1990 and expanded through the Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act (TVPRA) in 2008, SIJS provides a pathway to lawful permanent residency for immigrant children who have been abused, abandoned, or neglected and cannot reunify with one or both parents. Given the complex nature of this process, meticulous preparation is essential for a successful SIJS application.

This blog post aims to guide you through the essential steps for a successful SIJS application, covering everything from understanding legal requirements to navigating post-application steps. With thorough preparation and the right legal guidance, you can increase your chances of securing SIJS immigration and building a safer, more stable future in the United States.

Understanding the Legal Requirements

The eligibility criteria for SIJS are stringent and specific. To qualify, an immigrant child must meet the following requirements:

  • Age: The applicant must be under 21 years old at the time of filing the SIJS petition.
  • Marital Status: The applicant must be unmarried.
  • Juvenile Court Order: A state juvenile court must declare the child dependent, place them under state custody, or appoint an individual as guardian. The court must also find that reunification with one or both parents is not viable due to abuse, neglect, or abandonment.
  • Best Interests: It must not be in the child’s best interest to return to their home country.

Common Pitfalls and How to Avoid Them

Many applicants face challenges in meeting these criteria due to misunderstandings or insufficient evidence. Common pitfalls include:

  • Incomplete or Incorrect Documentation: Ensure all necessary documents are accurately completed and submitted.
  • Lack of Evidence: Provide detailed evidence of abuse, neglect, or abandonment. This includes affidavits, medical records, and police reports.
  • Missing Deadlines: Be mindful of deadlines, especially the age limit. Applications must be filed before the applicant turns 21. You can read more about it on our blog post about sijs age out by state.
  • Improper Court Findings: The juvenile court order must include specific findings required for SIJS. Ensure that the court order clearly states that reunification with one or both parents is not viable due to abuse, neglect, or abandonment and that returning to the child’s home country is not in their best interest.

To avoid these pitfalls, it is crucial to understand the specific legal requirements and ensure that all criteria are met before filing the SIJS petition.

Preparing Your Application

Thorough preparation is vital for a successful SIJS application. Key steps include gathering and organizing essential documents and evidence.

Essential Documents Needed

A successful SIJS application requires several key documents:


Document Purpose
Juvenile Court Order A copy of the order declaring dependency or custody.
Form I-360 Petition for Amerasian, Widow(er), or Special Immigrant.
Birth Certificate Proof of the applicant’s age.
Evidence of Abuse, Neglect, or Abandonment This can include affidavits, medical records, police reports, and other relevant documents.


Tips for Gathering and Organizing Evidence

  • Consult with Legal Professionals: An experienced immigration lawyer can guide you through the documentation process.
  • Create a Checklist: Ensure all required documents are collected and properly labeled.
  • Maintain Copies: Keep copies of all documents submitted to USCIS for your records.
  • Organize Chronologically: Arrange evidence in chronological order to present a clear timeline of events.
  • Provide Clear Explanations: Include cover letters or summaries explaining the relevance of each document, particularly if the evidence is not self-explanatory.

Working with Legal Professionals

Hiring an experienced immigration lawyer can significantly increase the chances of a successful special immigrant juvenile status green card application.

Benefits of Hiring an Experienced Immigration Lawyer

  • Expert Guidance: Lawyers can navigate the complexities of immigration law and provide personalized advice.
  • Efficient Processing: Legal professionals can help ensure all documents are correctly completed and submitted promptly.
  • Representation in Court: Lawyers can represent the applicant in juvenile court proceedings, making a compelling case for dependency and the child’s best interests.
  • Problem Solving: Lawyers can identify and address potential issues before they become significant problems, improving the chances of a successful outcome.

How to Choose the Right Legal Representation

Choosing the right legal representation is crucial. Consider the following factors:

  • Experience: Look for lawyers with extensive experience in handling SIJS immigration cases.
  • Reputation: Check reviews, testimonials, and professional ratings to gauge the lawyer’s reputation.
  • Communication: Choose a lawyer who communicates clearly and promptly.
  • Fees: Discuss fees upfront and ensure they are transparent about their costs.
  • Comfort Level: Select a lawyer with whom you feel comfortable discussing personal and sensitive information.

Navigating the Juvenile Court Process

The juvenile court plays a pivotal role in the SIJS process. Understanding what to expect during court proceedings can help ease the process.

The Role of Juvenile Court in the SIJS Process

The juvenile court must issue an order that declares the applicant dependent on the court, places them under state custody, or appoints a guardian. The court must also determine that reunification with one or both parents is not viable due to abuse, neglect, or abandonment and that it is not in the child’s best interest to return to their home country.

What to Expect During Court Proceedings

  • Preparation: Work with your lawyer to gather all necessary evidence and documentation.
  • Hearings: Attend all scheduled court hearings. Your lawyer will present your case to the judge.
  • Testimony: Be prepared to provide testimony regarding your situation. This may include discussing the abuse, neglect, or abandonment you have experienced.
  • Court Order: If the judge is convinced, they will issue the required court order, which is crucial for your special juvenile immigrant status application.

Post-Application Steps

After submitting your SIJS application, there are several important steps to follow.

Understanding the Adjudication Process

Once your Form I-360 and supporting documents are submitted, USCIS will review your case. This process can take several months. During this time:

  • Biometrics Appointment: You may be required to attend a biometrics appointment to provide fingerprints and photographs.
  • Additional Evidence: USCIS may request additional evidence to support your case.
  • Decision: USCIS aims to process SIJS petitions within 180 days, but delays can occur.

What to Do if Your Application is Denied

If your SIJS application is denied:

  • Understand the Reason: Review the denial notice to understand the reasons for the denial.
  • Consult Your Lawyer: Work with your lawyer to address the issues cited in the denial.
  • File an Appeal or Motion: Depending on the situation, you may be able to file an appeal or motion to reopen with additional evidence.
  • Explore Other Options: If an appeal or motion is not feasible, explore other immigration relief options with your lawyer.

Understanding the SIJS Interview Process

Special Immigrant Juvenile Status Green Card

Interview Preparation

  1. Review Your Application: Familiarize yourself with all the details provided in your SIJS application.
  2. Practice with Your Lawyer: Conduct mock interviews with your immigration lawyer to prepare for potential questions.
  3. Gather Supporting Documents: Bring original copies of all submitted documents to the interview.
  4. Be Honest and Consistent: Answer questions truthfully and consistently with the information provided in your application.
  5. Stay Calm and Composed: Remain composed during the interview and ask for clarification if you don’t understand a question.

What to Expect During the Interview

  • Interviewer’s Role: The USCIS officer will review your application and ask questions to verify the information provided.
  • Documentation Review: Expect questions about your family background, the circumstances leading to your SIJS application, and details about the abuse, neglect, or abandonment.
  • Decision Outcome: After the interview, USCIS will notify you of their decision regarding your SIJS application.

SIJS Application Fees and Fee Waivers

Understanding Application Costs

  • Form I-360 Filing Fee: As of 15 June 2024, the filing fee for Form I-360 is $515. Check the USCIS website for the most current fee information.
  • Biometrics Fee: There may be an additional biometrics fee for fingerprinting and photographing.
  • Fee Waivers: USCIS offers fee waivers for certain applicants who demonstrate financial hardship. Consult your lawyer for guidance on applying for a fee waiver.

SIJS and Adjustment of Status (Form I-485)

Special Immigrant Juvenile Status

Applying for Adjustment of Status

  • Process Overview: Once your SIJS petition (Form I-360) is approved, you may apply for adjustment of status (Form I-485) to obtain lawful permanent residency (green card status).
  • Documents Required: Prepare additional documents such as Form I-485, proof of identity, medical examination records, and any requested evidence.
  • Work Authorization: Upon filing Form I-485, you can apply for work authorization (EAD) while your adjustment of status application is pending.

SIJS Renewal and Maintenance

Renewing SIJS Status

  • Green Card Renewal: After obtaining lawful permanent residency through SIJS, you must renew your green card before it expires.
  • Continuous Residence: Maintain continuous residence in the United States to remain eligible for renewal.
  • Travel Restrictions: Be aware of travel restrictions and requirements for international travel with a green card.

Resources and Support for SIJS Applicants

Legal Aid and Community Resources

  • Legal Aid Organizations: Contact local legal aid organizations that specialize in immigration law for assistance with your SIJS application.
  • Community Support: Seek support from community organizations that assist immigrant children and families.
  • Online Resources: Utilize online resources such as and legal information websites for updates and guidance.



Successfully navigating the SIJS process requires careful preparation, an understanding of legal requirements, and the guidance of experienced professionals. By following these tips and working closely with a knowledgeable immigration lawyer, you can increase your chances of obtaining SIJS and securing a stable and safe future in the United States.

Key Tips for a Successful SIJS Application Include:

  • Understand the Legal Criteria: Ensure you meet all eligibility requirements and avoid common pitfalls.
  • Prepare Your Application Meticulously: Gather and organize all necessary documents and evidence.
  • Work with an Experienced Lawyer: Seek expert guidance and representation.
  • Navigate the Juvenile Court Process: Be prepared for court proceedings and secure the necessary findings.
  • Follow-Up Post-Application: Understand the adjudication process and know what to do if your application is denied.

For further assistance and legal representation, please contact a qualified immigration lawyer who specializes in SIJS cases. Their expertise can make a significant difference in the outcome of your application.


Q: What is Special Immigrant Juvenile Status (SIJS)? 

A: SIJS is a form of immigration relief for children in the United States who have been abused, neglected, or abandoned by one or both parents and cannot reunify with them.

Q: Who is eligible for SIJS? 

A: To be eligible, an applicant must be under 21 years old, unmarried, and have a juvenile court order declaring dependency or custody, and it must not be in their best interest to return to their home country.

Q: What documents are needed for an SIJS application? 

A: Essential documents include a juvenile court order, Form I-360, birth certificate, and evidence of abuse, neglect, or abandonment.

Q: How long does the SIJS process take? 

A: USCIS aims to process SIJS petitions within 180 days, but delays can occur due to various factors.

Q: What happens if my SIJS application is denied? 

A: If denied, you should review the denial notice, consult with your lawyer, and consider appealing the decision or reapplying with additional evidence.

Q: Can SIJS applicants apply for work authorization? 

A: Once you have an approved SIJS petition, you may be eligible to apply for work authorization.

Q: Is there an age limit for SIJS? 

A: Yes, applicants must file for SIJS before turning 21 years old.

Q: Can SIJS lead to a green card? 

A: Yes, SIJS can provide a pathway to lawful permanent residency, commonly known as a green card.

Q: What is the role of the juvenile court in the SIJS process? 

A: The juvenile court issues the necessary court order declaring the applicant’s dependency and the infeasibility of reunification with one or both parents.

Q: How important is it to hire an immigration lawyer for SIJS?

 A: Hiring an experienced immigration lawyer is highly recommended as they can navigate the complexities of the process, ensure accurate documentation, and represent you in court.

Q: What should I do if my SIJS application is delayed? 

A: If your SIJS application is delayed, you can check your case status online, contact USCIS for updates, and consult your lawyer to explore possible actions to expedite the process.

Q: Can I apply for SIJS if I am in removal proceedings? 

A: Yes, you can apply for SIJS while in removal proceedings. An approved SIJS petition can provide a basis for terminating removal proceedings and applying for adjustment of status.

Q: What should I include in my evidence of abuse, neglect, or abandonment? 

A: Evidence can include affidavits from witnesses, medical records, police reports, school records, and any other documentation that supports your claims of abuse, neglect, or abandonment.

Q: Can SIJS status be revoked? 

A: SIJS status itself cannot be revoked; however, if it is determined that the SIJS order or any part of the application was obtained fraudulently, it can affect the applicant’s immigration status and potential eligibility for a green card.

Q: Where can I find more information or assistance with my SIJS application? 

A: For more information and assistance, contact a qualified immigration lawyer specializing in SIJS cases. Legal aid organizations and community resources may also provide support and guidance.


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